What is Research Design, Definition & Characteristics

Mon, 06/10/2013 - 07:48 -- Umar Farooq

What is Research Design

Research design is a pre-planned sketch for the explanation of a problem. It is the first step to take and the whole research. Study will conduct on the basis of this research design. It gives us a due that how the further process would be taking place and how would be the research study carry into classification, interpretation and suggestions. This is a guideline for the whole work.

Definitions of Research Design

Some of the researcher & sociologists has given their definitions.

  1. Vimal Shah: “Research Design is a plan of study whether controlled or uncontrolled and subjective as well as objective”.
  2. Ackoff: “It is the process of making decisions before the situation arises in which the decisions are to be carried out after for control”.
  3. Miller: “Researcher Design is a planned sequence of the entire process involved in the conducting of as research study”.
  4. E.A. Suchaman: “It is a series of guide lines or steps to keep one in right path”.
  5. Kerlinges: “Research design is a plan, structure and strategy of investigations to obtain answers to the research questions”.

It has been concluded from the above definitions that, “It is pre-proposed sketch, outlines or plan which is prepared for the undertaking of the whole study is future”.

Characteristics of a Good Research Design

Following are some of the main characteristics of research design.

  1. Objectivity
  2. Precision
  3. Reliability
  4. Validity
  5. Generalization