Forms of Government
Sovereignty is one of the most essential and unique features of the state. It is the ultimate and supreme law and policy making authority of the state. It is the soul of state. It is that element of the state, whit distinguishes the state from all, other associations.
Following are the limitations, demerits and disadvantages of unitary state or government, Fails in Multi-Racial States, Urban Supremacy, Despotism in Government, Less Democratic
Advantages of Unitary Form of Government, Following are the merits and advantages of Unitary State, Unitary System is Strong and Powerful, Simple Form of Government, Less Expensive
Unitary form of Government is a converse of federation and is a system in which all powers are centralized in the hands of a central government. A single central government controls the whole state with full might. Although the state is divided in provinces and other units but these divisions are administrative in their nature.
By secularism or secular concept of the State is meant that the State is separate from religion. It means, in other words, that the State has nothing to do with religion, while religion, i.e. church, is not to interfere in matters of politics and State.
Below are the advantages of democracy, Democracy is Welfare of the People, Democracy is Based on Equality, It Stands for Liberty and Equality, Efficient Form of Government, Ensures Stable Government
The following are the demerits or disadvantages of democracy Democracy is Impracticable, Rule of Ignorance, Democracy is Impossible, Modern Democracy is Capitalist and Imperialist, Wrong Use by Political Parties, No Stable Government
Democracy is a system of government which is based on the will of the people. In order to know which state or government is democratic, we have found out the following tests:
A number of writers have also commented on three aspects of democracy e.g. Ordinary Democracy, Economic Democracy, Social Democracy
Man has a dynamic nature. He is always in search of something that is better. Even in political field man has made many experiments. The idea behind all these experiments was to find a kind of government under which state's sovereignty and individual's liberty would remain balanced. The latest experiment is known as Democracy.