The President of France is elected by direct suffrage. The US President is formally elected by an electoral college but in actual practice, his election has also become direct. Both the Presidents have fixed tenure and cannot be removed except by the process of impeachment make civil and military appointments nominate ambassadors to foreign countries
As compared to the Senate, the House of Representatives has less authority. It enjoys equal and coordinate authority with the Senate in legislative and financial spheres. Ordinarily, bill can originate in either House but money bills can only be originated in the House of Representatives. But this privilege of the House is not of much significance because the Senate can amend or reject both ordinary and money bills.
While the Senate represents the states, on the federal principle of equality, the House of Representative represents the US citizens on national principle based on population. The total strength of the House of Representatives is 438. The number of representatives for each state is fixed by the Congress in proportion to its population.
The Senate enjoys equal and co-ordinate legislative authority with the House of Representatives. Ordinary bills may be initiated in either House but the money bills can only be originated in the Lower House. As regards ordinary legislation, the legislative history of the Congress shows that all important bills are originated in the Senate and then referred to the House.
The US federal legislature, Congress is bicameral. It consists of House of Representative and The Senate. The Senate, which, is the upper or second chamber, was created to safeguard the interests of small states and to check the radical tendencies of the lower chamber, the House of Representatives.
According to Prof. H.J. Laski there is no foreign institution which, "in any basic sense" the American Presidency may be compared. However, as the real executive heads of two countries the American President and the British Prime Minister may be contrasted in respect their functions and powers. Both the US President and the British Prime Minister occupies a unique position not only in their respective political systems
He is the Chief Executive and as such it is his duty to see that the laws and the treaties are enforced throughout country. The constitution of the USA is based upon the theory of the Separation of Powers. The executive and the legislative branches of the government are made independent of each other.
The powers and functions of` the Senate prove beyond any shadow of doubt that not only it is more powerful than the Lower House, but it is also the most powerful second chamber in the world. Even the Fathers of the US Constitution mentioned Senate first, and then the House of Representatives in the Article of the original Constitution.