In an organized society, there is stability and change. Stability is the condition of equilibrium among the parts of society. It is the state of smooth functioning. During this condition; the social problems decrease in society. Change is the dynamic condition of society. An organized society is also changing for the fulfillment of social needs.
Poly means “many” and “andry” means “husbands”. Polyandry type of marriage in which one woman can marry with many men at a time. The single wife has many husbands. This is not popular type and is uncivilized in many societies of the world. Non- fraternal Polyandry. One woman can marry with many men but that is not necessary that these husbands would be brothers.
The mode of marriages in Indian tribes is different as compare to the civilized societies. Indian tribal marriages were in practice in the most primitive societies. Marriage by purchase is the most common type of marriage in participative societies for securing bride. Here cash money, bride price or compensation is paid to the bride family by the husband side or bridegroom. This money is considered as the wealth of the women for her prestige in society.
Endogamy is the combination of two Greek words. Endo means “within” or “intra” and gamy means “to marry”. So, Endogamy is intra marriage or inside marriage. Therefore, endogamy is the type of marriage which takes place within the some group class, caste, family, religion, tribe etc. both the partners belong to the some class or caste. Endogamous marriage is that which is controlled by the some group.
Children production and their socialization are the social as well as biological aims. Children are the source of the continuation of family and lineage. Male and female have the desire to reproduce children and become parents. The married person has high social status and prestige in a society which is gained by him in the alliance of marriage. It also strengthened the bonds of the kinship and its extension with other families.
Marriage in the real sense is the acceptance of a new status with a new set of obligations recognized by other people. Wedding ceremonies are held for the tie of marriage. Marriage is a socially recognized universal institution which is found is every society. It is a social contract of two opposite sexes for the satisfaction of physical, biological, social, psychological and spiritual needs of males and females.
In Nuclear or Conjugal family system the married couple and their children are living together is the same house. It means that the nuclear family consists of the (1) Married parents and (2) Unmarried children. Husband and wife have equal power and having control over their children and play better role is their socialization.
According to some sociologists family plays an important role and considered the backbone of society. Family as a social institution perform the following functions. Reproduction provides the chance to give birth to the children. These children are the nucleus of society and perpetuates human race. Provision of Food, Housing and Clothing: Family provide its member the facilities and requirements of basic needs like food supply