Research always stated from the words “what and why” and then the selection of suitable answers for these words. According to Morton, the important research components are the following three. 1. What a person wants to know? 2.Why a person wants to know? 3.Possible answers for these questions.
There are three types of research problem Theoretical, Applied & Action research problem. It is the theoretical explanation of a research problem. It gives only theory and meaning of the problem. It defines the problem theoretically. This type of research has no need of hypothesis and verification.
There are some suggestion for the graduate students and researchers which are drawn from the different areas of education, social sciences as well as psychology. There are two factors in the selection of topic external and personal. External criteria involves how the topic is important for the field, availability of both data and data collection methods and the administration is cooperative or not.
The term problem has been derived from a Greek word which means anything thrown forward or a question proposed for sudation or a matter stated for examination. Identification is a sense of consciousness and awareness about a social phenomena. Identification of a problem is very difficult and have no specific rules and principles but following are some sources for identification of a social problem.