That marriage in which all the blood relatives and members of the same kinship are prohibited to marry one another. The marriage would be practiced outside one’s group, class or caste. Simple exogamy is in practice in the Indian tribes and North American. According to a survey 83% people practice exogamy in these tribes.
Poly means “many” and “andry” means “husbands”. Polyandry type of marriage in which one woman can marry with many men at a time. The single wife has many husbands. This is not popular type and is uncivilized in many societies of the world. Non- fraternal Polyandry. One woman can marry with many men but that is not necessary that these husbands would be brothers.
The mode of marriages in Indian tribes is different as compare to the civilized societies. Indian tribal marriages were in practice in the most primitive societies. Marriage by purchase is the most common type of marriage in participative societies for securing bride. Here cash money, bride price or compensation is paid to the bride family by the husband side or bridegroom. This money is considered as the wealth of the women for her prestige in society.
Endogamy is the combination of two Greek words. Endo means “within” or “intra” and gamy means “to marry”. So, Endogamy is intra marriage or inside marriage. Therefore, endogamy is the type of marriage which takes place within the some group class, caste, family, religion, tribe etc. both the partners belong to the some class or caste. Endogamous marriage is that which is controlled by the some group.