Independence of judiciary is determined to a great extent by the mode of appointment of its members. They may appointed by the people through the elections or indirectly by the members of the legislature for a fixed term. They may also be appointed by the head of state through nomination.
In modern times we have indirect democracy, under this system the people elect their representatives and give them the authority to make the law and implement them. Actually in democracy sovereignty belongs to people but under normal circumstances it becomes difficult for the people to legislate directly. So sometimes the people make the laws directly.
Independence of judiciary means that judiciary should be impartial in the discharge of its functions and that the executive or legislature should exert influence on it through the appointment, salaries, promotion or condition of services of its members.
Following are the features & characteristics of parliamentary system,Formation of Cabinet, Team Work Spirit, Supremacy of Premier Coordination of Powers, Political Collective, Parliamentary system has been taken from the United Kingdom because U.K. constitution is the mother constitution of parliamentarianism. It is also called ministerial or cabinet system.
In a Parliamentary system the legislative and the executive department of the government are very closely related and are interdependent for the performance of governmental functions. Under this system there is no separation of the legislative and the executive departments.
Aristotle State concept shows that he believed in evolutionary or historical theory of the origin of state. Therefore his approach in this connection is correct. Man as a civilized individual cannot survive without state and if he claims, then it means from human beings, he is nation-less, lawless, and homeless. He is either above or below humanity.