Learning is modification of behavior through experience. There is a sort of interaction always going on between individual and his environment, both influencing and changing each other. He inherits only a few fixed patterns of responses. His interest, attitude, appreciation, skills and achievements are primarily the product of learning.
Gestalt psychology introduced by Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler in 1922. It is revolt against Stimulus Response approach to learning. It pointed out two weakness in the theory of conditioning. The Gestalt School made a strong attack on Thorndike’s theory of trial and error and asserted learning was not stamping-in of correct responses through trials and errors.
The presentation of teaching material in various forms for a single content called multimedia teaching. It is used not only by teachers, but pupils also use it for learning. In teaching, the use of multimedia in teaching is also known as instructional development. In this way teaching-learning problems are solved.
The use of audio visual aids in teaching has increased in the past few years due to technological advancement. Technology blessed the teachers, administrators and student community with multimedia presentations which increase interest in the classrooms. According to studies, when teachers uses learning aids, students show interest and get more stimulate.
Psychology is the “science of mind and behavior”, Silverman (1874) defines psychology as "the science that seeks to describe and explain and on decision, to change the behaviour of man and other animals." Education also means change in the behaviour of an individual.
Below are the two functions of educational psychology 1. To develop theories of learning and teaching and 2. To formulate practical suggestions for the teaching learning processes
Learning is very important element in human life from birth to death. Learning can take place in formal and non formal ways, in different situations and places. According to psychologists and educationists the following are the some basic factors involve in learning process.
The whole educational process is directed for learning. What exists in any educational structure is for learning both for students and teacher. Humans start learning since their birth to death and various experiences enable them to acquire new skills and information about the surroundings and to plan in the light of previous experiences for the future possibilities.