In the 1960s Douglas McGregor a social psychologist of MIT developed two well known contrasting theories on human motivation and management theory X and theory Y. McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management approach, and this break new ground for argument that employees of an organization are not merely cogs in the machinery of the organization, as Theory X-Type organizations seemed to believe.
When you will understand these different leadership styles, you can easily develop your own approach to leadership, and you will become a more effective leader as a result. In this article, I will tell you about some of the common approaches to leadership styles that are mostly used in business world. I'll also tell you about some specific styles as well as I will tell you about advantages and disadvantages of leadership styles.
Classical traits theory of leadership which owes its base to different traits in a human being. This theory believes that leadership behavior is sum of total of the traits or qualities the leaders possesses. A leader cannot behave other than what his personnel traits are.
Situationist theory of leadership is on the opinion that the situational behavior of the leadership is strongly affected by the situation in which he or she works. The theory believes that it is the situation which develops a leadership and from which a leader emerges.
Followers Theory of Leadership also known as acceptance theory of leadership. The followers must accept the decisions of their leader and leadership. With follower there is no place for leaders assert this theory. According to this leader-follower theory followers may from groups and the followers’
One of the well-known approaches to leadership style is the Blake and Mouton managerial grid. It was developed some years ago by Robert Blake and Jane mouton. Building on previous research that showed the importance of a manger’s having concern both for production and for people, Blake and Mouton devised a clever device to dramatize this concern.