The House of People aslo known as Lok Sabha has vast legislative powers. It can make any law along with the Rajya Sabha in Union and Concurrent Lists. Sometime it can make law in. the State List, wherever the Rajya Sabha passed a resolution that the certain matter has national importance. In case of disagreement between the two Houses, the President may summon a joint sitting of both the houses,
The Constitution of India expressly provides that the Council of Ministers shall be headed by a Prime Minister. The Indian President appoints the leader of the majority party in Parliament as a Prime Minister. He may be chosen from either house of Parliament. The Prime Minister of India occupies, a unique position of authority and influence. Firstly, he is the maker of his Cabinet in as much as he chooses his cabinet colleagues and as such he becomes their leader.
Like the British Monarch, the Indian President is excluded from the cabinet. He does not attend its meetings. The reason for this practice is that he is not responsible for the decisions of the Cabinet, although it takes all decisions in his name He is the constitutional head of State, and not responsible for what the cabinet does in his name.
Apparently there seems to be much in common between the Presidents of India and USA. Both are elected heads of their respective. States Both have been vested with a formidable list of powers. Both of them have the power to appoint their Ministers and all other important officers of the Government. Both can be impeached for violation of the constitution.
The above survey shows that the Indian Constitution has vested the President with a formidable and frightening, list of powers. And they become all the more so when we remember that it has set up a federation with a very strong Centre, which can be changed into unitary state in many ways and on many occasions. That's why its critics have subjected it to a scathing criticism.
The supreme executive powers are vested by the President. He can directly exercise these powers and can do it through officers subordinate. As such all executive actions of the Government of India will be expressed to be taken in the name of the-President. He is responsible for the appointment the Prime Minister and on his advice other Ministers,
The Union Executive of India consists of the President, Vice President and the Council of Ministers, including the Prime Minister. India has a Parliamentary system of executive with the President as the head of the Union, while the Prime Minister is the head of the Executive. The President acts on the advice of the Council of Ministers which is collectively responsible to the Lower House of the Union Parliament.