Null hypothesis is contrary to the positive statement of a working hypothesis. According to null hypothesis there is no relationship between dependent and independent variable. It is denoted by ‘HO”.
Some of the factors responsible for the importance of hypothesis are discussed as under. To the Point Enquiry. Hypothesis makes a research activity to the point and destination, Research without hypothesis is like a sailor in the sea without compass. So, research is to the point enquiry of problem due to the guidance of hypothesis.
Personal Experience of a researcher is a great source of hypothesis. On the basis of his personal experience he uses his mind and suggests some points for the eradication of a social problem through developing a good hypothesis. Greater the researcher experience lead to higher hypothesis formation.
A good hypothesis possesses the following certain attributes. Testability. A good hypothesis should be tested empirically. It should be stated and formulated after verification and deep observation. Thus testability is the primary feature of a good hypothesis.
Hypothesis is considered as a principal instrument in research. It is a preposition or assumption for research work to be tested. Its main function is to suggest new experiments and observations. Hypothesis is a statement which is extended for proper guidance of research activity.