In Nuclear or Conjugal family system the married couple and their children are living together is the same house. It means that the nuclear family consists of the (1) Married parents and (2) Unmarried children. Husband and wife have equal power and having control over their children and play better role is their socialization.
According to some sociologists family plays an important role and considered the backbone of society. Family as a social institution perform the following functions. Reproduction provides the chance to give birth to the children. These children are the nucleus of society and perpetuates human race. Provision of Food, Housing and Clothing: Family provide its member the facilities and requirements of basic needs like food supply
The essential characteristics of family institution are as under. 1. Attachment of Blood Relations. The family members have blood relations with one another. But on the other hand blood relation is not so important is a family because if the family members there would be no blood relatives is case if adoption, relation is that of affinity. So, family is not restricted to the blood relations among its members.
Family is a social institution which is known form very beginning of the primitive societies. If means that the origin of family is perpetual. According to MacIver, in history there was no such stage in which family was absent or such stage is which is emerged.” There is controversy about the origin of the family but following are some of the important theories of the origin of the family.
Family is the basic social institution from which other social institutions have grown and developed. In producers, slaves and other servants as well as for the members connected by a common descent or blood relation. The word “Family” has derived from a Roman word “Famulus” which means servants. "Family is a system of relationship existing between parents and children".
There are various problem attached to family life and family planning has made a scientific approach to solve these problems. Family Planning is concerned with the spacing and limitation of child-births in the family and to achieve parenthood, if medically possible. The term family planning is most commonly used to actions or programmes intended to prevent conception or avoid its consequences when if does occur.
Assimilation is the integration of two dissimilar cultures into a single culture comprising characteristics of both. When a minority ethnic group is assimilated into the dominant culture, the minority group loses its distinctiveness.
The origin of the word caste found differently. Some says that “caste” meaning lineage. In other books it is written that it is from Spanish word “Casta” meaning breed or race. It means that the people of the same caste belonging to the same race.