Urban and rural community is a group of people living together in an area fulfilling their needs by mutual cooperation. This group may be as small as a village, hamlet, basti, chak or a mohalla in a town or city. The condition for a group to be a community is that they live together as a territory and fulfill the needs of their social life.
Following discussion shows the difference between rural and urban communities, which shows how rural and urban areas are not the same. Density of Population: The population in rural areas is spares. The people live in their own farms called "Farmstead Settlement. Even the villages and hamlets (basti or chak) have small population. The urban areas are thickly populated. In a city of few square miles millions of people live. The houses are joined together.
An urban living is similar to having the facilities of modern social life. Social interaction is fast and formal. The rate of social change is faster due to education in, technology, industry and urbanization. A complex social life is found in which the people or different races, professions, castes and religions live together. Anonymity is an important trait.
Rural is the society which is sparsely populated with emphasis on agricultural professions. Simple culture with natural environment and informal social life are the conditions rural life. Homogeneity in professions, dress, language and customs of social life is usually found in such people. The rate of change is slow due to slow means of communication. Agriculture is their profession.
cultural pattern is the way of behavior of the people. A large number of people following certain behavior make it a custom. Trait is the smallest unit of a culture. It exists and functions with the organization of other related traits. A complex is intermediate between the trait and the institution: A cluster of related traits is called 'culture complex'. It is that geographical area in which a cultural trait is originated. The place where that trait is born is called the 'place of origin'.
Nomadic societies have no permanent place of settlement. The people roam from place to place with their luggage on the backs of camels, horses and donkeys in search of fodder and water for their animals and food for themselves. They have no hereditary property. They are more a tribe and have tribal culture. The cultural traditions have very forceful binding upon the members.
Traditional society which has fewer social institutions. Simple culture with old ways of life exists. Means of communication were very slow and old. Urban life was very rarely found. Social changes were minimum and almost invisible. The population in such society is not much and homogeneous social life is found.
It is based on expansion of education, technology, industry and urban life. It has a complex culture changing with the time. Its base is materializing. Due to diverse social conditions heterogeneous life is found. Social problems of various nature develop among various groups.