The historical development of social psychology can be kept in the following three categories. Initial Stage of social psychology, Maturity Stage of social psychology, Present Stage of social psychology. Social psychology was mainly developed by sociologists, psychologists and cultural anthropologists.
Socrates had said about the person who is independent of his fellow beings and is unable to live in community is either Beast or God. Men like trees need roots therefore they must have a soil to root themselves where groups of men living together can create some attachment to a particular locality. Men have never lived alone.
Following are the types of society static, folk/traditional, modern, nomadic, sedentary, Gemeinschaft, close, primitive, rural, urban, industrial, secular, and scared society. Static Society: A society that experiences little or no changes from one generation to another.
There are three major factors, which form the basis of society biological, geographical and socio-cultural factors, elements are considered as essentials of human society. Society is provided because of certain aims. Biological Factors emphasizes that the people are grouped and associated with each other due to biological needs.
Individual is the basic component of society. Any group of people who have lived and worked together long enough to get themselves organized and to think of themselves as a social unit with well defined limits". Individual is the basic component of society. The interaction of individuals with each other gives birth to group.
The socialization process starts from birth and continues till death. It never stops however, the speed and nature of socialization is different at different stages of life. The process converts "human being" into a "social being" so that he might be able to play his role more effectively as a member of an organized group.
When individual comes to the world and starts living in this society of human beings. He/she knows nothing about how to talk, eat, wear etc. according to the need of society. In this troublesome time period of childhood socialization starts. This is mostly in primary group when the members have to face interaction.
When a newly born baby comes to the world, he knows that what are happening in surrounding. An individual becomes a member of society when individual interacts with other individuals. For living in society an individuals requires some specific methods and techniques to effects his/her social life and become a proper member of society.