The term problem has been derived from a Greek word which means anything thrown forward or a question proposed for sudation or a matter stated for examination. Identification is a sense of consciousness and awareness about a social phenomena. Identification of a problem is very difficult and have no specific rules and principles but following are some sources for identification of a social problem.
Friendly with Respondents. A good researcher must have the quality to become friendly with respondents. It should have to talk to them in the same language in which the responding are answering and make happy made.
Social research is an important source of knowledge. It opens new ways of knowledge and wisdom. When something unknown brings to a researcher, there is a sort of inner pleasure and happiness. It gives knowledge to the researcher about the unknown facts. It paves out the way of ignorance and gives new direction in a social life.
Research on the basis of purpose includes Pure research, Applied research, Action research, Evaluation research & interdisciplinary research. Pure research is the knowledge of facts and theories to give us satisfaction of knowledge and understanding.
Types of research on the basis of method include Historical research, Descriptive research, Ex-post-facto research, experimental research & field study. In historical research facts are collected from past events
Major steps in research process include Selection of Research Problem, Literature Review, Hypothesis, Research Design, Sampling, Data collection & analysis, Testing, Generalization & Interpretation
Followings are the main Characteristics of Social Research Accuracy & Precision, Verifiability, Evidence of Facts, Objectivity, Reliability & Validity, Qualification, Measurability, Recording and Reporting, Centers around a Problem, Original Works
Literally, research means investigation undertaken in order to discover new facts or additional information. In pure and social sciences, research means to discover answers to questions by the applications of scientific methods and procedures.