The concept of community organization was developed in the United States to involve various organization and institutions to meet the basic needs of the community people. Community organization as a method used to make efforts and directed towards community needs.
We can define community as a larger group of individuals living together for a long time in a locality having common interest, goals, ways of life and norms etc. and meeting out most of their needs from local social institutions. Rural community is an area which is under development and not civilized, based on geographical conditions.
Different approaches of community development are as under: 1. External Agent Approaches 2. Multiple Approaches 3. Inner Resource Approaches
Community Development is an evolutionary way of change from the traditional life to the progressive way to life. According to Sanders there are four elements of community development. Community Development as a Process, as a Method, as a Program & Community Development as a Movement
Community development programs were slowly and gradually developed in Pakistani society due to its rigidity, traditionalism and resistance. The change started with the development technology, economy and other changes in community people as well as in cities and villages.
Concept of community development has come from about two hundreds years. The democratic political revolution of France and Britain as well as the Second World War played a vital role in the existing of community development.
Like other development countries Asian countries are also facing a variety of social problems for which a specific solution is required to trace these problems in a social situation. We have to use the techniques of community development upon its people. Following are the main aims and objectives of community development: