Basics of Sociology
The concept of magic is very old and is found in different tribes of the world. It is different from the religion in the sense that, in religion one is supposed to pray for help from super-natural power while in Magic a magician tries to force the supernatural power to help him.
Indian tribal religion is the most primitive type of religion found in human society. The important characteristics of an Indian tribal religion are discussed as following. Mana, Bonga, Animism, Animatism, Naturalism
Religion is a social as well as psychological phenomena. Religion is pervasive and universal because its institutions have spread all over the work. About very society is gripped by the chain of religion when a man faces some problems, sees others dying, falls ill, facing natural event like storm, famine, earth quake, thunder, flood, draught and heavy rains, he is feared from a supernatural power called “Allah”.
In Nuclear or Conjugal family system the married couple and their children are living together is the same house. It means that the nuclear family consists of the (1) Married parents and (2) Unmarried children. Husband and wife have equal power and having control over their children and play better role is their socialization.
According to some sociologists family plays an important role and considered the backbone of society. Family as a social institution perform the following functions. Reproduction provides the chance to give birth to the children. These children are the nucleus of society and perpetuates human race. Provision of Food, Housing and Clothing: Family provide its member the facilities and requirements of basic needs like food supply
The essential characteristics of family institution are as under. 1. Attachment of Blood Relations. The family members have blood relations with one another. But on the other hand blood relation is not so important is a family because if the family members there would be no blood relatives is case if adoption, relation is that of affinity. So, family is not restricted to the blood relations among its members.
Family is a social institution which is known form very beginning of the primitive societies. If means that the origin of family is perpetual. According to MacIver, in history there was no such stage in which family was absent or such stage is which is emerged.” There is controversy about the origin of the family but following are some of the important theories of the origin of the family.
Family is the basic social institution from which other social institutions have grown and developed. In producers, slaves and other servants as well as for the members connected by a common descent or blood relation. The word “Family” has derived from a Roman word “Famulus” which means servants. "Family is a system of relationship existing between parents and children".
This world is filled of worries and frustration. It is the only institution which control frustration du o social, economic and political problems. Failure is some goals provide frustration is life and religion is responsible for their control. Religion believes on peace and hatred violence. It develops the idea of love and brotherhood among human being.
Beliefs. It is the sensation of brain we have beliefs in one God, Dooms day, Angels, Sacred books, good and bad Luck, while Hindus believe in more than one God. Religious Organization. Religion is an organization of beliefs, rituals and emotions. No religion without organization can survive.