Basics of Sociology
When it is referred to prejudice resulting from denial of an opportunity, unfair treatment in the job selection, promotion and transfer is called discrimination. It is practiced on the basis of origin, age, disability, race, gender, religion and political beliefs. In other words, it can be called as unequal treatment due to some logical or illogical reasons.
If you have been treated unfairly by someone on the basis of who you are, it will be called direct discrimination. It is the form of unfair treatment in which someone is treated less favourably because of his age, gender reassignment, marriage, disability, race, gender, religion, belief, or sexual orientation. It does not matter if the person is treating you with discrimination intentionally or unintentionally,
It has been a long time since females are becoming a victim of racial discrimination in workplace. Even though the society has progressed and the shallow thinking about women has changed to a wide extent but they still have to suffer in one way or another. Women discrimination in the workplace is still a problem that needs to be addressed.
Criminal justice System is the combination of processes and agencies that have been established by the government for controlling crime and imposing penalties on the individuals who are violators of laws. How this system works depends on the jurisdiction in the city, country or state.
Juvenile Justice is the area of criminal law which is applicable to the people who are young and they cannot be held responsible for the criminal acts. These individuals usually fall under and equal to the age of 18 years. The Juvenile law is governed by the state law and there is a code for it too.
Criminal Justice Process consists of practices and institutions of government for upholding the social control, deterring crime and sanctioning the ones who have violated the laws, and imply criminal penalties. The process of criminal justice varies from one state to another and there are formal and informal justice processes.
When unequal opportunities or rewards exist in a society for people of different social status or position, it is called social inequality. Inequality has different dimensions and each state has varying dimensions. It is a common belief that people living in America are better off than most of the people living in other parts of the world.
Racial Discrimination occurs when an individual is treated less favorably as compared to another individual in the similar situation due to color, race, national status or ethnic origin. It is not just caused on the basis of color or creed, this discrimination is also caused because of policy or rule which is not the same for all.
On the other hand, when you lift those limitations, the facilities are available to each citizen equally, it will be called social justice. In short, people will have their basic human rights and dignity assured. Their basic economic needs will be met without any discrimination.
Ageism is the discrimination and unfair treatment which can be started on the basis of individual’s age. This form of discrimination can influence the confidence of the individuals, their job status, financial situation and even the quality of life. The issue also includes the way of representing the elderly people in the media and how it influences the attitude of the public.