Categories of Culture – Material and Non Material Culture

Sat, 10/13/2012 - 12:06 -- Umar Farooq

Culture is the man made environment Most of which is transmitted from one generation to the other. Culture is a very wide term which covers the entire activities, ways of thinking, behaving and many other things ranging from very simple to the most complicated learned behavior and the products of learned behavior. The man made environment can be classified into two main categories in order to analyze the culture

1. Material Culture

2. Non-Material Culture

Material Culture

Material culture includes all the things that are having physical form for instance pen, table, radio set, television set, automobile, book shoes etc. are the examples of material culture. These are the products of human efforts to control their environment and to make the life comfortable and safe. The developed societies are rich in respect of this category of culture due to greater use of science and the technology and in all walks of life as compared to the primitive society.

Non-Material Cultures

Non-material culture consists of ideas, customs, traditions, value systems, attitudes, knowledge etc. These do not have a physical shape. These are very important in determining human behavior and have strong hold on individuals. The non-material part of culture is responsible for enriching the material part. Both material and non-material cultures are interrelated.