Paradigm is a Greek word which means “Example” or “Model” or “a world-view” i.e. the foundation or base of an idea or knowledge which is acceptable throughout the world and which is taken as a model. In other words, the foundations of certain concepts upon which the theories and principles are based for obtaining knowledge is a called paradigm.
Racism stems when one ethnic groups tries to dominate and eliminate the other one on the basis of differences in hereditary and other grounds. Racism came into existence in the West during the modern era. There are no clear evidences when or how it began in other cultures or even in Europe before the middle ages.
Racial discrimination is a situation in which a person is treated less favorably than another because of race, national/ethnic origin, color, or immigrant status. There have been cases of racial discrimination in which you treat someone unfavorably because that person has been married to someone from a different race or color.
The establishment, expansion, maintenance and acquirement of a colony in a territory using the political power of another territory is known as colonialism. It can also be referred to a set of unfit relationships between a colony and colonial power. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary It is "something characteristic of a colony" and "control by one power over a dependent area or people
Human migration is different compared to the animal migration. It is the movement of people from one place to another to seek permanent or semi-permanent residence. The movement usually happens across the political boundary. It could be a semi-permanent movement, if you are a seasonal farm laborer. The movement can be voluntary and involuntary.
Usually Gender violence is referred to the violence against women but it is not just females that become a victim of the oppression, even men are inflicted by it. This violence rises due to the inequalities between men and women. The violence occurs as a result of normative role expectations which are associated with the gender (male/female).
In American 28% men and 35% women have experienced domestic abuser for example physical, mental, stalking or rape by close partner in their life time. However globally women are commonly facing such violence. According to research there is a direct correlation between level of gender equality in a country and actual rate of domestic violence.
When a person is treated less favorably than another on the basis of his age, then this situation is known as age discrimination. People encounter this situation mostly in workplaces but in the normal routine, it can be a situation of harassment.