Law & Political Science
The constitution is the legal code or conduct usually written which ensures the smooth and efficient working of all the organs of state machinery. The UK constitutional system is the oldest democratic system and hence the pioneer and mother of Parliamentary democracy in the world.
on October 7th 1958, President Maj. Gen. Sikander Mirza imposed Martial Law and appointed Gen. Muhammad Ayub Khan as the CMLA. The Revolution of 1958 was welcomed by the people of Pakistan and they heaved a sigh of relief as the Martial Law regime at once restored law and order situation in the country.
After 9 years of hard labour Pakistan was able to have first compact constitutional document. But due to many factors this could not last for long span of time and at last Martial Law was imposed and the constitution was abrogated by Gen. Ayub Khan who appointed a constitutional commission to frame a new constitution.
Pakistan is an ideological State because it was achieved in the name of Islam. After its establishment, efforts for making Pakistan to be an Islamic republic took momentum and due to the opposition of Western educated intellectual elites, this issue also clipped the growth of an accepted arid viable Islamic Constitution.
Pakistan is the only in the world that came into being on the basis of an ideology i.e. Islam. After establishment there was a political and also an ideological conflict between Ulama and Western educated intellectual elites. The former wanted to make Pakistan a true Islamic polity while
The 1st Constitution of Republic of Pakistan was written in nature. It consisted of 234 Articles and 6 Schedules. Hence it was one of the lengthiest constitutions of the world as it regulated the activities and jurisdiction of not only the central government but also those of the provincial governments.
Article 153 of the 1973 Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Common Interest - CCI, which shall be appointed by the President of the Republic. Members of council of common interest includes the CMs of provinces and Federal Government Members
The 1973 Constitution was prepared by the first elected National Assembly through a 25 members committee under the leadership of Abdul Hafiz Pirzada of all parliamentary parties. The constitution was approved by the Assembly on 10thApril 1973 and assented to by the President on 12thApril 1973.