Law & Political Science
Following are the powers and functions of the Rajya Sabha the Indian council of states. Rajya Sabha has co-equal and co-extensive powers with the Lok Sabha except the financial matters. Any bill, except a money bill, can be initiated in the Rajya Sabha and can become an Act only when assented to by both the Houses. In case of disagreement between the two, the President is authorized to summon a joint sitting of both the Houses.
The Rajya Sabha is the second not the secondary chamber of the Indian Union Parliament. The framers of the Indian Constitution wanted it to be a weak chamber. But it is not as weak as the British House of-Lords, while it is not as strong as the American Senate. In money matters it is definitely a weaker house than the Lok Sabha and so it is in regard to the power to question and. supervise the Cabinet. But in all other respects
Indian Council of Ministers is the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister and consisting other ministers. The constitution has laid down that the function of the Chief Minister is to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his duties. It is its general function and should be understood in the context of the Parliamentary system it has set up.
Following are the main features of Indian constitution first It is perhaps the lengthiest written constitution in the world contains 251 pages, 395 articles, 22 chapters and 9 schedules. The constitution proclaims India to be a Federal Union of States and contains the whole paraphernalia of Federalism.
The constitution of the fifth Republic makes a distinction, though only an academia one, between the President and the government. The President is the head of the State with-important and real executive powers. The French government includes the Prime Minister and other, Ministers, who have the responsibility to run the administration of the government.
The President of France is elected by direct suffrage. The US President is formally elected by an electoral college but in actual practice, his election has also become direct. Both the Presidents have fixed tenure and cannot be removed except by the process of impeachment make civil and military appointments nominate ambassadors to foreign countries
In French constitution the president of France is a constitutional head of state The French president signs laws, treaties, executive orders & ordinances. The President appoints Prime Minister and the other members of the government are appointed and dismissed by him on the advice of the Prime Minister.
In 1958, France witnessed a grave and very critical situation. On June 1st 1958, the Fourth Republic came to an end. The National Assembly handed over its law-making power to Gen. De Gaulle and adjourned. Constitution making was one of the functions that had been assigned to De Gaulle's Government by the French Parliament. A small cabinet committee was formed to draft a constitution, which it prepared within two months.