Law & Political Science
Salmond defines interpretation “Interpretation or construction is the process by which the courts seek to ascertain the meaning of legislation through the medium of the authoritative form in which it is expressed.” There are two kinds of interepretation of law one is Literal Or Grammatical Interpretation and other is Functional Or Logical Interpretation
Salmond defines codification as “the reduction of the whole corpus juis, so far as practicable to form enacted law.” codification is the systematic process and reduction of the whole body of law into a code in the form of enacted law. Thus, the law which previously was in the shape of customs
There are two kinds of legislation; 1. Supreme Legislation 2. Subordinate Legislation; Supreme legislation is the expression of the legislative will of a supreme authority in a state. Subordinate legislation is that which proceeds from any authority other than the sovereign legislation power
According to Salmond, Legislation is that source of law which consists in the declaration of legal rules by a competent authority. and legislation is used in three senses 1. For all forms of law making (wider sense) 2. For all expressions of the will of the legislative (strict sense) 3. For the creation of law by way of authoritative declaration (sub-ordinate)
Sir John Salmond refers to eight kinds of law, Imperative Law, Physical (Scientific) Law, Natural (Moral) Law, Conventional Law, Customary Law, Practical (Technical) Law, International Law and Civil Law. "Imperative Law means a rule of action imposed upon mere by some authority which enforces obedience to it."
Law is a social science grows and develops with the growth and development of society. New developments in society create new problems and law is required to deal with those problems. According dictionary definition of Law, it means a rule established by authority or by custom. It regulates the behaviors of a community, Country, etc.