Law & Political Science
Sovereignty is one of the most essential and unique features of the state. It is the ultimate and supreme law and policy making authority of the state. It is the soul of state. It is that element of the state, whit distinguishes the state from all, other associations.
Following are the limitations, demerits and disadvantages of unitary state or government, Fails in Multi-Racial States, Urban Supremacy, Despotism in Government, Less Democratic
Advantages of Unitary Form of Government, Following are the merits and advantages of Unitary State, Unitary System is Strong and Powerful, Simple Form of Government, Less Expensive
Unitary form of Government is a converse of federation and is a system in which all powers are centralized in the hands of a central government. A single central government controls the whole state with full might. Although the state is divided in provinces and other units but these divisions are administrative in their nature.
There are two main principles the basis of that Aristotle classifies the states: 1. The number of parsons who rule 2. The objectives or ends of the government
Aristotle State concept shows that he believed in evolutionary or historical theory of the origin of state. Therefore his approach in this connection is correct. Man as a civilized individual cannot survive without state and if he claims, then it means from human beings, he is nation-less, lawless, and homeless. He is either above or below humanity.
By secularism or secular concept of the State is meant that the State is separate from religion. It means, in other words, that the State has nothing to do with religion, while religion, i.e. church, is not to interfere in matters of politics and State.
Below are the important secondary sources of Islamic law, Ijma (Consensus of the Opinion), Ijtehad (Juristic Exposition), Qiyas (Analogy), Urf (Custom or Usage)