Law & Political Science
Plato introduces a new social order in which the ailing class in his Ideal State surrenders both its family and property rights for the sake of unity and integrity and the State.
Plato wanted to bring to an end the prevailing degenerate conditions and political selfishness rampant in Athens, in order to save his beloved Athens from decay and ruin. He saw in justice the only panacea of saying Athens from degradation and decay and propounded his theory of justice.
Plato believed that the state could promote justice and right action and prevent crime by a proper system or education. His education scheme is compulsory; state regulated and is meant for both the sexes. Plato wanted to exclude incompetent persons from holding political Offices in the state and enabling the wisest and the best to rule for the common good.
Under federalism there is both unity as well as diversity. In other words it means that there is one country in which the provinces or the federating units maintain their individuality. A federation maintains a balance between centripetal and centrifugal forces.
Following are the features & characteristics of parliamentary system,Formation of Cabinet, Team Work Spirit, Supremacy of Premier Coordination of Powers, Political Collective, Parliamentary system has been taken from the United Kingdom because U.K. constitution is the mother constitution of parliamentarianism. It is also called ministerial or cabinet system.
In a Parliamentary system the legislative and the executive department of the government are very closely related and are interdependent for the performance of governmental functions. Under this system there is no separation of the legislative and the executive departments.
Below are the some points which elaborate critical evaluation of Plato ideal state, Theoretical concept of Plato State, Self-contradictory and Half Communism, Functional Specialization, Education System of Plato Ideal State, Concept of Justice, Rule of Philosophy
Plato Ideal State is based on the following principles or features, Plato State is Functional Specialization, Plato System of Education, Justice in Plato Ideal State, Dominance of Philosophy, Monarchy is the Best form of Government, Communism, Ban on Arts & Literature, Sexual Equality