Law & Political Science
The Constitution of People Republic of China (PRC) declares that there is a unicameral legislature to be known as National People Congress (NPC). It is the highest organ of state authority and sole legislative assembly in China. It is repository of all powers and authority in the state and people exercise their power through it:
The draft of 1982 Constitution of China was prepared by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China after prolonged nationwide discussions spread over a span of 2 years. The draft of the Constitution adheres to four cardinal principles namely; adherence to socialist road, to the people's democratic dictatorship, to, the leadership by the Communist Party of China and by Marxism, Leninism and Mao Zedong thought.
Despite the massive support in men and material, the Kuomintang (KMT) received from America, it could not faces the Communists and by the middle of 1949, the Nationalist Government was defeated on October 11949. The Peoples of Republic of China was formally proclaimed and the country was ruled by Chines People's Consultative Committee.
Plato and Aristotle have been its great supporters. Plato in his famous book, The Republic, has presented the plan of his ideal republic. This theory was explained in better way by the German philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries. In this connection we must remember two names, Kant and Hegel political philosophers whose thoughts greatly influenced the German political thinking.
This Evolutionary theory is also known as sociological or the correct theory of the origin of the state. So long as social sciences had not made any development and it was very difficult to determine the correct theory the origin of the state. The advancement of the fields of history, anthropology and archaeology helped in finding out various forces and factors responsible for the creation of the state.
The House of People aslo known as Lok Sabha has vast legislative powers. It can make any law along with the Rajya Sabha in Union and Concurrent Lists. Sometime it can make law in. the State List, wherever the Rajya Sabha passed a resolution that the certain matter has national importance. In case of disagreement between the two Houses, the President may summon a joint sitting of both the houses,
The Constitution of India expressly provides that the Council of Ministers shall be headed by a Prime Minister. The Indian President appoints the leader of the majority party in Parliament as a Prime Minister. He may be chosen from either house of Parliament. The Prime Minister of India occupies, a unique position of authority and influence. Firstly, he is the maker of his Cabinet in as much as he chooses his cabinet colleagues and as such he becomes their leader.