What is State, Meaning & Definition of State

Wed, 02/15/2012 - 07:48 -- Umar Farooq

Meaning of State

In common parlance State is a country considered as an organized Political community by one government . Some times, a republic or federations forming part of a country are also called states where as they can't be termed as states in political sense. Anyhow when we used the term state in the field of international relation , it has the symbolic sense of signifying the existence of an independent sovereign entity.

Definition of State

There are some definitions of state given below

Willoughby says, state is "where there can be discovered in any community of persons a supreme authority exercising control over the, social actions of individuals and groups of individuals and itself subject to no such regulation."

Salmond defines it "a society of men established for the maintenance of order and justice within a determined territory, by way of force."

To sum up, we can define state as a society of people politically organized within a definite territory, having its own government with coercive power to enforce obedience and which is free from external control.

Unitary and Composite States

Independent and dependent states

Salient Features of State

Functions of the state

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