The term epistemology was first used in the 19th century, as a synonym for the “theory of knowledge”; but Western philosophical thought on the subject has a history reaching back to Plato and Aristotle. Traditionally, the range of its problems has served to contrast it on the one hand with metaphysics, related with the nature of reality, and on the other hand with logic, related with the forms of valid arguments.
There is an extremely close relationship between education and philosophy. Education is basically a practical performance, and philosophy is a theory or thought. Education, as a matter of fact, is a continuous infinite series of actions. Philosophy is providing theoretical foundation i.e. rational proofs and ideologies for it. It explores and interprets different concepts.
To know the past, present and the future problems of a teacher, the study of the history of education in general and that of the contemporary issues in particular is very much essential. Not only it plays an important role to make him a successful teacher, but it gives courage and a moral support to him.
Education is the process of learning and knowing, which is not restricted to our school text-books. It is a holistic process and continues through our life. Even the regular happenings and events around us educate us, in one or the other way. It would not be an exaggeration to say that the existence of human beings is fruitless without education.
Education may be seen as preserved and transmitter of cultural heritage as well as transform' g agent and school has to carry out these functions. These functions largely depend upon curricula. So if the change is approved by the society, it may see success otherwise society will be a barrier.
Community changes have strong impact on the education both on content and methodology. This implies the following basic needs from the curriculum development point of view, Need for a new common sense, Realistic social understanding, Eliminate class bias from the curriculum, Methods and techniques of resolving social conflicts.
The children of today need to be so educated that they become the responsible citizens of tomorrow. As such, they are our hope for the future. The challenges to be met and the ideals to be realized can be taken care of only by them. Whatever the circumstances, the educational system has some obligation to the nation.
In the past the second name of curriculum was "course of studies". This term was considered to be a program related to various subjects only. However, the terms "Curriculum" and "courses of studies" were, sometimes interchangeable but used in a very limited sense.