Autocratic styles of teaching is traditional styles of teaching. These are teacher centered or content centered. Here teacher is more active and learners are passive listeners. No emphasis is given on learners’ ability, capabilities, interest and personality. These strategies are based on Modern Theory of Organization (relationship centered). These involve the participation of both the teacher and the learner.
B.O Smith defined it as a pattern of acts that severs to attain certain outcomes and to guard against certain others. Here we can find out the uses of strategy: 1. To ensure that learning will occur in as brief a time as possible. 2. To induce students to engage in exchange of ideas. 3.To minimize the chance of wrong responses in learning concepts, principles or facts. 4.To ensure the attainment of defined instructional objectives.
The following questions form a base in evaluating the curriculum development process. 1. Is the curriculum research-based or opinion-based? 2. Is the curriculum future-oriented? 3. Are the objectives of curriculum well defined and clearly stated? 4.Are the specific objectives spelled out in behavioural terms? 5. Does the content of the curriculum 'has vertical as well as horizontal continuity?
Advantages of Teacher Centered Approach, As the curriculum is designed by the teacher, it become easy to achieve the desired goals, Subject matter become psychologically sound due to its relevance with the interests, needs and level of the children, Content/Subject matter is logically arranged. - Irrelevant material/ Subject matter is avoided
Subject centered curriculum is the oldest and the most widely accepted form of curriculum organization. The earliest example of this sort of organization is the seven liberal arts in the schools of ancient Greece and Rome and in the monastery and Cathedrals of the middle ages in the Medieval Era.
It is a well know fact that lexicographically “education” means to enable one to know at least three R’s (as per old classic perception) i.e. Reading Writing and Arithmetic. But idiomatically education is a continuous social action/process, which depicts the society. As it has come into being only to meet the social needs/requirements of the society, it is made to correspond with its characteristics.
Teachers take the responsibility of educating the youth of a nation. They have to look after their all-round development. Teachers are the ultimate builders of a nation. While a nation without a culture cannot be differentiated from other nations, hence, it is proved that the process of teaching, learning is a much strong way/mean of the culture to flourish.
Some theorists give a different explanation of the word “educate”. They say ‘e’ means out of and duco means to lead’ i.e. to educate means to lead forth or “to extract out” the best in man. This explanation presumes that all knowledge is inherent in children. Only methods are to be found out to tap their brains and the knowledge will automatically flow. Addison supports this view believing that education,