Educational Psychology - Definition, Scope and Nature of Educational Psychology

Tue, 10/25/2011 - 10:23 -- Umar Farooq

What is Psychology

The word psychology is the combination of two Greek words psyche (Soul, mind, self and logy (study, investigate). In simple words psychology investigate, the mental process, and its manifestations in social relations of men and animals. In this background psychology has great importance in order to get more and more insight about human mind and the logic behind his / her behavior in social relations.

What is Education

It is a process where skill & information, are transferred to next generation, in order to develop a person mentally, emotionally and technically to be a happy and valuable character in the social order.

What is Educational Psychology

If both the above paragraphs are combined it will be cleared to us that education which is an important social and human activity has close link with psychology.

Psychology gives insight and information, about the student mentality while education executes & acts in the specific direction to get the goals that the educational psychologists have set. In other words Educational psychology studies mental and behavior related issues scientifically, of those who are directly or indirectly concerned with education.

Definition of Educational Psychology

The following are definitions of education psychology by well known psychologists:

  1. ”Educational psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with teaching and learning and also covers the entire range and behavior of the personality as related to education.”  Skinner  
  2. “While general psychology is pure science, educational psychology is its application in the field of education with the aim of socializing an individual and modifying his behavior.”  Anderson
  3. "It is the systematic study of the educational growth and development of a child.”  Stephen
  4. “It is the science of education.”  E.A. Peel
  5. “It is the study of those facts and principles of psychology which helps to explains and improves the process of education.” Walter B. Kolesink

Nature and Scope of Educational Psychology

 S.S Chanhan has given detail and comprehensive statements about the nature and scope of educational psychology, which are as follows:

  1. It applies psychological findings in education.
  2. Educational Psychology studies systematically an individual development in educational set up.
  3. It enables a teacher to perform his/her role in very effective manner in order to make the learning & teaching process productive one.
  4. Educational Psychology is the scientific study of an individual life stages development from birth to death and so on.