Gestalt psychology introduced by Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler in 1922. It is revolt against Stimulus Response approach to learning. It pointed out two weakness in the theory of conditioning. The Gestalt School made a strong attack on Thorndike’s theory of trial and error and asserted learning was not stamping-in of correct responses through trials and errors.
This teaching model is developed on the basis of selection and connecting. Skinner model possesses the following elements. it focuses to bring desirable change in behavior
It is a psychological teaching model and was developed by Robert Glaser in 1962. This model explains the relationship between teaching and learning. It is basic model based on basic principles of psychology. Nelson L Bossing called the model the Classroom Meeting Model.
A general meaning of term “Model” is a representation, generally in miniature, or to show the structure as a copy of something or typical form and style. It specifies the learning situations for observing the pupils response
Educational psychology is the applied branch of psychology. It consist of the application of psychological principles and techniques to human behavior in educational situations to the development of educational strategies and programs, problems and solutions.
The presentation of teaching material in various forms for a single content called multimedia teaching. It is used not only by teachers, but pupils also use it for learning. In teaching, the use of multimedia in teaching is also known as instructional development. In this way teaching-learning problems are solved.
School and student indiscipline is a burning problem and issue of great concern for teachers and policy makers due to aggression and indiscipline among students, violent within student-teacher. It is behavioral disorder like stealing, abusive language, dishonesty, lying which can cause physical damage to school or home property this also cause mental and emotional stress.
Discipline is the ability to establish good relationship, with children to organize classroom routine so that they promote whatever learning is to take place, combined with a quick and lively understanding of individual personality so that pupils with problems can be guided and helped. It involves not subordination but integration it aim at co-coordinating all the elements in personality and creating a harmonious unity