When curricular material is translated in terms of activity, it is known as activity curriculum. Learning of the prescribed material takes place through activities. Activity is used as a media or means for imparting knowledge and skills. Activity based curriculum approach is the greatest motivation, provides freedom of expression to child 'himself fully.
It is not true that the child's thinking is not improved by the subject centered curriculum. Subject curriculum is more appropriate for intellectual development. An individual learns to think as the physicist, botanist, and geologist and so on. If he cannot learn so to think, the fault is to be found in instruction and not in the curriculum pattern
Teacher exercises control over pupil experiences, activities and conduct. The teacher follows the decision of others with regard to the participation in planning and evaluation. The teacher makes rules for the classrooms. Here stern discipline by the teacher which demands a quite classroom atmosphere is the best situation for learning.
Listening to lectures, studying the textbooks and studying for examination are all practices that show the influence of the subject centered curriculum approach. The subject teacher considers it of great importance to cover the prescribed textbook. Since a specific amount of subject matter is to be learnt in a set time. If subject matter has been learnt, the teacher and students feel satisfaction.
A common proverb goes in English language as “if you want peace, prepare for war”. That is why it is commonly believed by all wise and positive thinking people that, “war is essential for peace”. From this it is quite clear that we can divide (based on purpose and objective) wars into: Positive and Negative type of war.
Ned A. Flanders has recommend the following six steps simulated teaching Step I: Assigning the roles: In this step, the pupil-teachers are assigned the roles of teachers, student and observer respectively. The student-teacher has to play all three roles one after the other. Step II: Deciding the skills to be practiced: After assigning the roles, certain social skills are discussed which are to be practiced by student-teachers.
Simulated play technique of teacher training is very important technique. Following are the simulated environment 1. Demonstration lesson 2. Discussion lesson 3. Teaching Practice teacher training colleges have to depend on schools. No doubt it is possible only in simulated environment schools are must for making the teacher successful. We have to face the following hurdles in the said practice.
Cruick Shank has described the following advantages of simulated Teaching Method. 1. Student-teachers are helped in a variety of ways through simulated training. It helps in developing self-confidence among them. 2.This technique helps in linking theory with practice of teaching. 3. Student-teachers are given an opportunity to study and analyze critical teaching problems.