Social Research Methodology Meaning, Definition & Objectives

Thu, 06/06/2013 - 11:05 -- Umar Farooq

Meaning of Social Research

Social Research is a composite of two words “re means again” and search which means to find or to dig or to discover. So the whole word means a process of finding or digging again & again. Literally, research means investigation undertaken in order to discover new facts or additional information. In pure and social sciences, research means to discover answers to questions by the applications of scientific methods and procedures.

Definition of Social Research

Different social scientists & researcher has defined the word differently. Some of their views are as under.

Goode & Hatt: It is a systematic method of discovering new facts and verifying old ones with their sequence interrelationship and caused explanation.

Webster’s Dictionary: “defines it as a careful and critical investigation is the light of newly discovered facts.

Johoda: “It is a continuous investigation for facts is order to solve a problematic situation”,

Roger Bennet: “Research is the discovering of facts through systematic and scientific process.

Fogg: “It is the systematic process of pre-planned inquiry”.

In the light of the above definitions & meaning concluded that, research is a systematic & scientific method of discovering new facts & verifying old ones is order to solve a problematic situation.

Objectives of Social Research

Following are the important objectives of social research:

Academic Objectives

Academic objectives of Research has the following categories

  1. To find new propositions
  2. To discover new facts
  3. To propose and intimate knowledge for academicians

Utilitarian Objectives

it contains the following sub-objectives.

  1. To find the various causes for problem
  2. To provide principles of problem solution
  3. To give remedies for a social problem