Centralization means concentration of authority few hands. Centralization thus refers to reservation of authority of decision making. No one at any level, except on the top, is authorized to take decisions. The subordinate’s job is to carry out the decisions taken. The term ‘centralization’ should logically mean the opposite of ‘decentralization’ that is all responsibility and authority is retained at a central points.
To maintain a tied control over the operation and repose confidence in a common belief of the executives that their subordinates are not capable of discourage the delegator to delegate his authority to someone working with or under him. But an atmosphere of team-work and mutual confidence encourages delegation.
There is a fear aspect in delegation which plays a dominant executive knows for certain that once authority is delegated they will loosen the grip over their subordinates and also control over the operations. It is natural that the executives May not like to lose either the grip or control over the operation. But most important psychology is that by their nature executives have no confidence is their subordinates.
How to delegate authority, to answer this question here is an example of a big manufacturing concern the following may be the method of delegation of authority to ensure better result, unfiled direction and command to make effective deletion. When a few of the administrative functions are delegated to subordinate staff it is called administrative delegation.
“Delegation “as Louise A. Allan has explained is the dynamics of management. It is the process a manager follows in dividing the work assigned to him so that he performs that part which only he, because of his unique organizational placement, can perform, effectively. And so that he can get other to help him, with what remains. If he wants to get others to help him the manager must first divide his work.
There are four major principles of delegation can help the manager in the office in process of delegation. principle of expected results, principle of parity of authority and responsibility, Principle of delegation of authority, principle of unity of command
An organization structure refers to the determination of entire organization system of an enterprise. The policies of an enterprise determine the limits within which the enterprise has to work and progress. Similarly the organization structure determines the shapes of the enterprise according to which the administrative and
Basic concpet of planning will be better understand from the statement of George R Terry “If there is no planning, there would be nothing to organize, no one to actuate, and no need to control.” We can also say that Planning is looking forward in to the future.