Trends in the present millennium and the past few decades show a rise in the negative impacts of natural disaster, as well as in imbalance in the ecosystems due to development. Extreme events such as natural disasters are part of nature’s fury or human interventions, and the inability to cope with them negatively impact human life.
Disaster may occur in different forms and can remain from hour to days and weeks. Natural, Biological & Person-Induced Hazards
In order to understand possible options for reducing potential risks and losses to humanity caused by disaster, it is important to clearly define terms used in disaster mitigation.
In order to understand the principles of disaster mitigation it is important to clearly understand the phases of disaster management cycle like mitigation, preparedness, response, relief & recovery and disaster management.
In the 1960s Douglas McGregor a social psychologist of MIT developed two well known contrasting theories on human motivation and management theory X and theory Y. McGregor promoted Theory Y as the basis of good management approach, and this break new ground for argument that employees of an organization are not merely cogs in the machinery of the organization, as Theory X-Type organizations seemed to believe.
When you will understand these different leadership styles, you can easily develop your own approach to leadership, and you will become a more effective leader as a result. In this article, I will tell you about some of the common approaches to leadership styles that are mostly used in business world. I'll also tell you about some specific styles as well as I will tell you about advantages and disadvantages of leadership styles.
The concept of core competency in management theory is originally advocated by two business authors and Gary Hamel and C. K. Prahalad in their 1990 article entitled “Competencies of the Corporations”. They said that a core competency is a specific factor that a company sees as central to the way the company or its employee work.
Kevan Scholes and Gerry Johnson, authors of "Exploring Corporate Strategy," say that business strategy determines the direction and scope of a company over the long term, and they further added that it should determine how human & financial resources should be configured to meet the needs of markets and stakeholders.