Nation state system is as old as the human history. It will be more correct to say that the history of nation state system starts with the political consciousness of man. In this modern age, no one can satisfy its all needs alone and due to this lie has to make relations with other states in order to satisfy his desires, interests and goals. In the field of international politics these states are called sovereign states or nation state system.
When the concerned States fail in settling a dispute by peaceful means, forcible or coercive means are adopted. These are Retorsion, then Reprisal, Intervention, Blockade war.According to J.G.Starke, retorsion is relation by a state against Retorsion discourteous or inequitable acts of another state such retaliation.
Before opting coercive means of dispute settlement, States try following methods of international dispute settlement by amicable means. According to Oppenheim, "Negotiation is an intercourse between two or more states as is initiated and directed for the purpose of effecting and understanding between them or settling a dispute.
War is a state of organized, armed, and often prolonged conflict carried on between states, nations, or other parties typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. An absence of war is usually called peace.
Generally, the states adopt the following methods for the promotion of national interests. Coercive Measures, Embargo, Blockade, Foreign Aid, Tariff, Restriction and Quotas, Sanctions, Alliances, Diplomatic Negotiations, Economic aid and Propaganda
In international relations, national interest is an effort to describe the underlying rational for the behaviour of states and statesmen in a threatening international environment, that preserves and protects one's values against others. Every country seeks to promote and further its national interests of the country. The primary interests of each state are self-preservation, security and well being of its citizens.
Like sovereignty and nationalism, national power is a vital and potent feature of the state system. Power of some kind is the mean by that states implement their policies, domestic as well as foreign. All states possess power, but very different amounts of power. We must therefore approach an analysis of power in international relations with the realization that we are dealing with a complex subject whatever the ultimate aim of international politics.
In International Relations Lesson, we will discuss the most common types of propaganda i.e. Religious, Political, literal, wartime & cold war propaganda. One of the earliest uses of the word propaganda was in connection with religious missionary. activity.