Human Resource Management
Once the firm has determined its staffing needs, it needs to hire the best employees to fill the available positions. The following are three important hiring process steps:Recruitment Process, Selection Process & HR Orientation / Socialization Process. Recruitment an important component of hiring process.
Any competitive advantage enjoyed by an organization tends to be short lived because other companies are likely to imitate it. This is as true for HR advantages as for technological and marketing advantages. For example, many high-tech firms have “borrowed” reward programs for key scientists and engineers from other successful high-tech firms.
Career development involves taking correct actions to produce and increase skills and to get ready for upcoming job opportunities, is meant to encourage this growth and self-improvement. The most common development programs offered by organizations are mentoring, coaching, job rotation, andtuition assistance.
The direction phase of career development involves shaping the type of career that employees desire and the actions they should take to realize their career goals. Appropriate direction requires an accurate understanding of one’s current position. The two major approaches to career direction are individual counseling andvarious information services.
The assessment phase of career development comprises activities starting from self assessment to organizational assessment provided by the organizations. The aim of assessment, whether performed by employees or by the organization, is to find out employees’ strengths and weaknesses.
Creating a development program almost always consists of three phases: 1. The Assessment Phase, 2. The Direction Phase, and 3. The Development Phase. The assessment phase of career development involves activities ranging from self-assessment to organizationally provided assessment.
Before putting a career development plan into place, management needs to consider three major challenges. Many modern organizations have concluded that employee must take an active role in planning and implementing their own personal development plans for their career development.
Career Development is not a one-shot training program or career-planning workshop. Rather, it is an ongoing planned and formalized attempt that identifies people as an important organizational resource. The companies that had the most success with career development are those that have integrated with other Human Resource Management programs