Foundation of Education
Education is a process in which and by which the knowledge, characters and behavior of the human being are shaped and molded. Education is lead to the enlightenment of mankind. Imam Ghazali said that education is a process, which enable an individual to distinguish between the true and false, the good and bad, the right conduct and the evil doing.
Aristotle is the disciple of Plato and the tutor of Alexander the Great. Aristotle is well known scientist and philosopher. When Alexander became the king of Macedonia, Aristotle established his own school lyceum in Athens. His view about the aim of education was different from that of his predecessors Socrates and Plato.
Plato's first stage of education is up to seven years of child's life. At this stage children should be educated by their mother or nurse in the house. The adults should tell them good moral tales to have good impressions on their minds. Up to the age of six, children of both the sexes may play together. After this age, they should be separated.
According to Plato, education is for the good of the individual and for the safety of the state. The aim of education, according to Plato, is the welfare of both the individual and the society. His guiding principle is that, "Nothing must be admitted in education which does not conduce to the promotion of virtue. Moreover, Plato's treatment of education in the "Laws" is different
Science is a human enterprise through which we come to some understanding of the biological, chemical and physical aspects of the world around. The development of concepts is an essential part of learning and building up the ideas about the scientific aspects of the world is the business of science education. In attempting to understand something new, scientists use existing ideas and test the extent to which they fit the evidence from the new situation.
The good teacher of modern era has a lot of pressure and responsibilities. And only those good teachers can fulfill their responsibilities who are dedicated have natural zeal, and training. In the profession of teaching, good teacher should have some good teaching qualities in order to perform his or her role well. Following are the traits & qualities of a good teacher:
Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 -1778) is basically a political thinker and strong believer of naturalism which means that every thing has its own natural law, according to which those things work. He wrote various books on education but the most famous is “Emile”, where he explains that how a child should be educated.
Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland in 1896. After receiving his doctoral degree at age 22, he started work in psychology and education, especially on children intellectual development. According to him children are not less intelligent than adults, children think differently. His Cognitive Development theory describes the stages of cognitive development in children, which involves changes in process and abilities.