Foundation of Education
A common proverb goes in English language as “if you want peace, prepare for war”. That is why it is commonly believed by all wise and positive thinking people that, “war is essential for peace”. From this it is quite clear that we can divide (based on purpose and objective) wars into: Positive and Negative type of war.
It is a well know fact that lexicographically “education” means to enable one to know at least three R’s (as per old classic perception) i.e. Reading Writing and Arithmetic. But idiomatically education is a continuous social action/process, which depicts the society. As it has come into being only to meet the social needs/requirements of the society, it is made to correspond with its characteristics.
Teachers take the responsibility of educating the youth of a nation. They have to look after their all-round development. Teachers are the ultimate builders of a nation. While a nation without a culture cannot be differentiated from other nations, hence, it is proved that the process of teaching, learning is a much strong way/mean of the culture to flourish.
Some theorists give a different explanation of the word “educate”. They say ‘e’ means out of and duco means to lead’ i.e. to educate means to lead forth or “to extract out” the best in man. This explanation presumes that all knowledge is inherent in children. Only methods are to be found out to tap their brains and the knowledge will automatically flow. Addison supports this view believing that education,
The term epistemology was first used in the 19th century, as a synonym for the “theory of knowledge”; but Western philosophical thought on the subject has a history reaching back to Plato and Aristotle. Traditionally, the range of its problems has served to contrast it on the one hand with metaphysics, related with the nature of reality, and on the other hand with logic, related with the forms of valid arguments.
There is an extremely close relationship between education and philosophy. Education is basically a practical performance, and philosophy is a theory or thought. Education, as a matter of fact, is a continuous infinite series of actions. Philosophy is providing theoretical foundation i.e. rational proofs and ideologies for it. It explores and interprets different concepts.
To know the past, present and the future problems of a teacher, the study of the history of education in general and that of the contemporary issues in particular is very much essential. Not only it plays an important role to make him a successful teacher, but it gives courage and a moral support to him.
Education is the process of learning and knowing, which is not restricted to our school text-books. It is a holistic process and continues through our life. Even the regular happenings and events around us educate us, in one or the other way. It would not be an exaggeration to say that the existence of human beings is fruitless without education.
When a thinker thinks about the educational problems and forwards his opinion about the same, he becomes a ‘philosopher’. It means that whenever a philosophical thinking is executed in the educational issues and concepts; and philosophical method is adopted ‘educational philosophy’ or “philosophy of education” comes into existence.