Relationship Between Education and Culture
In following few paragraphs we will discuss and relationship between education and culture. Both the education and culture and closely related and have its impact and our lives
Teachers take the responsibility of educating the youth of a nation. They have to look after their all-round development. Teachers are the ultimate builders of a nation. While a nation without a culture cannot be differentiated from other nations, hence, it is proved that the process of teaching, learning is a much strong way/mean of the culture to flourish. The teachers are also supposed to translate and to practice a country’s educational theories and policies by implementing them in a real and practical situation.
Above all, as in the process of education, History is being studied which is the main and basic record of culture, hence it cannot be denied that it is being nourished by education. Similarly, the purposeful and befitting education helps in the strength and spread of culture. The needs of the society, whether religious, social, cultural or psychological, all are fulfilled only by education. Mrs. Tanveer Khalid while narrating the interdependence of education and Culture says that one of the important functions of education is the conservation of culture. Continuity in man’s social life is possible through this process. The valuable cultural heritage, which has accumulated a vast store of human knowledge and experience, is transmitted to the coming generations through education, otherwise each generation would have to go over them again. Culture includes arts, sciences, religions and the social customs developed gradually by many people contributing to it. It has to be conserved and transmitted to the youth for their own benefits because past benefits are useful in learning the new ones.
It is the oriental type of education which is, simply, aimed at the recapitulation on the past. In the education system of the primitives, the educational aims were identical to those of their parents. The youth aimed to learn what they expected to do as adults. What they expected to do as adults was exactly the same that their parents have been doing. Thus the aim of education was to conserve their culture or to enhance further the amount of their social experiences. In fact group survival was not only the group aim but the individual aim as well.
It is generally believed that even those early civilizations which had advanced far beyond the primitive level were distinctly conservative in their educational aims. So far the ancient Chinese is concerned, it had an educational system which aimed at the perpetuation of a static social order. The early Occidental civilization of Greece also reflected some of the conservative perceptions of the Orient. The aim of Spartan education, for example, was conservative. In Sparta, social survival depended largely upon the military ability of the Spartans. Consequently the chief aim of their education was identical with the military virtues, such as courage, respect and obedience for superiors, patriotism and loyalty to the state etc.
To conclude, it is advisable to say that whether it was the education of the old or New Greek period or Homeric or Spartan period, it has been a main instrument of conserving as well as nurturing human culture. Similarly, may it be a very barbarian culture and civilization but still the process of education is visible there. All activities, according to the prevailing conditions have been seen throughout all these ages, which supported education. Neither culture nor education can survive in isolation. They will have to go along with each other for so many years to come. All the discussion shows a strong relationship between education and culture.