Curriculum & Instructions
Following are the five operations with respect to foundation of curriculum development by Guilford, cognition, memory and retention, convergent thinking, divert thinking & evaluation
Thoughts without contents are empty and perception without concepts are blind. The same case is with science curriculum development, without proper skills upto date information and knowledge a teacher faces problems in science curriculum development. Jerry Wellington says, "National curriculum is a 'skeleton'
Before investigating any area of human endeavour, it is wise to examine the basic beliefs, which have brought the efforts into existence. So, with a study of the curriculum, we should first identify the ideas and ideals held by our society that have shaped the high 'school-curriculum.