Curriculum & Instructions
Community changes have strong impact on the education both on content and methodology. This implies the following basic needs from the curriculum development point of view, Need for a new common sense, Realistic social understanding, Eliminate class bias from the curriculum, Methods and techniques of resolving social conflicts.
The children of today need to be so educated that they become the responsible citizens of tomorrow. As such, they are our hope for the future. The challenges to be met and the ideals to be realized can be taken care of only by them. Whatever the circumstances, the educational system has some obligation to the nation.
In the past the second name of curriculum was "course of studies". This term was considered to be a program related to various subjects only. However, the terms "Curriculum" and "courses of studies" were, sometimes interchangeable but used in a very limited sense.
There are five key elements of curriculum development , according to Tyler “it is essential as a part of comprehensive theory of organization to show just what are the elements will serve satisfactory as organizing elements.” According to Herrick and Tyler, following are the components and elements of curriculum development
Lecture method of teaching is the oldest method of teaching applied in educational institution. This teaching method is one way channel of communication of information. Students’ involvement in this teaching method is just to listen and sometimes pen down some notes
Teaching is an arrangement and manipulation of a situation in which there are gaps or obstructions, which an individual will seek to overcome, and form ways, which he will learn in the course of doing so. Teaching means an intimate contract between a more mature personality and a less mature one, which is designed for the further education of the latter.
Learner Centered curriculum the center of interest is the learner. The students are given more importance in this type of curriculum design. Most of the education experts and educational psychologists are in favor of this learner centered curriculum. First of all Rousseau emphasized that education should be according to the interests of the child.
In recent years all teachers are participating more in curriculum decision making at the school level. Following are the roles of teacher in curriculum development 1. Implementers of developed curriculum 2. Adapters. As an “Implementer” or “receiver”, the teacher role is to apply the developed curriculum else where.