Question-Answer Method of Teaching | Socratic Method of Teaching

Wed, 11/20/2013 - 03:30 -- Umar Farooq

Question-Answer Method of Teaching

Question answer teaching strategy is an old strategy also known as “Socratic Method of teaching”. It was developed by the famous philosopher Socrates. According to Parke, “the question is the key to all educative activity above the habit-skill level. It strategy is focused on to achieve the cognitive objectives and bringing knowledge to the conscious level. It has the following principle:

  1. Theory of unfoldment, all knowledge is within the child, teacher cannot teach any ting from outside
  2. The knowledge can be emitted by linking the questions with his answers

Steps of Question-Answer Method

  1. To prepare questions and arrange them in a logical sequence
  2. To present the questions in such a way that curiosity arises among the learners
  3. To ask new questions by linking with the learners response

Advantages & Disadvantages of Question-Answer Method of Teaching


  1. While asking questions, the teacher keeps in mind the abilities, needs and interest of the learner.
  2. It involves the learners’ participation towards the subject matter and in teaching acts.
  3. It helps in achieving cognitive objectives and bringing knowledge at conscious level.
  4. Classroom verbal interaction is encouraged
  5. It is a useful strategy at all the levels of education


  1. It is difficult to prepare good questions, and arrange them logically.
  2. The whole content-matter cannot be taught by this strategy
  3. The teacher wants the structured answers from the learners. There is no freedom for imaginative answers.


  1. Instead of using it independently, this teaching strategy should be supplemented by lecture and demonstration method of teaching.
  2. The teacher should be skilled in framing proper questions and language of the questions should be clear and unambiguous.
  3. The teacher should distribute the questions to the whole class evenly.