Audio Visual Aids in Education, Definition, Types & Objectives

Thu, 07/31/2014 - 06:34 -- Umar Farooq

Introduction

Audio Visual Aids are also called instructional material. Audio literally means “hearing” and “visual” means that which is found by seeing. So all such aids, which endeavor to make the knowledge clear to us through our sense are called “Audio Visual Aids” or Instructional Material. All these learning material make the learning situations as real as possible and give us firsthand knowledge through the organs of hearing and seeing. Therefore, any device which can be used to make the learning experience more concrete and effective, more realistic and dynamic can be considered audio visual material.

We learn through our sense organs. Senses are the ways of knowledge. All the sense organs help us in understanding the environment. Most of the knowledge, which we acquire from the school, comes through our ears and eyes.

Audio Visual Aids Definition

According to Burton. These are sensory objectives and images which stimulate and emphasis on learning process. Carter V. Good. It is a trainable (motivation, classification and stimulation) process of learning.

Objectives of Teaching Aids

  1. To enhance teachers skills which help to make teaching-learning process effective
  2. Make learners active in the classroom
  3. Communicate them according to their capabilities
  4. Develop lesson plan and build interest
  5. To make students good observer
  6. Develop easy and understandable learning material
  7. Follow child cornered learning process
  8. Involve intimation in objectives
  9. To create interest in different groups
  10. To make teaching process more effective

Types

It can be classified simply on the bases of sensory experience. Because human beings derive their experiences mainly through direct sensory contact. Keeping this in view, it can be classified in to three main groups:

  1. Audio Aids examples are Radio, Tape-recorder, Gramophone, Linguaphone, Audio cassette player, Language laboratory
  2. Visual Aids examples are Chart, Black and while board, Maps, Pictures, Models, Text-books, Slide projector, Transparency, Flash-cards, Print materials etc.
  3. Audiovisual Aids examples are LCD project, Film projector, TV, Computer, VCD player, Virtual Classroom, Multimedia etc.

Advantages

  1. Its helps to make learning process more effective and conceptual.
  2. Its helps to grab the attention of students
  3. It builds interest and motivation teaching students learning process
  4. It enhance the energy level of teaching and students
  5. It is even better for over burden classrooms
  6. It provides students a realistic approach and experience

Disadvantages

  1. Technical Problems
  2. Students Distractions
  3. Expensive
  4. Time consuming
  5. Need Space
  6. Convenience

Characteristics

  1. Relevancy
  2. Useful and purposeful teaching
  3. Accuracy
  4. Interest
  5. Minimize verbalism
  6. Comprehensibility
  7. Motivation
  8. Realism

Who can take benefit from Visual Aids

Though every children can take benefit while using visual aids for learning. But it is more helpful for those students:

  • Having Language Disorder
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Down Syndrome
  • Those who have Learning Disabilities
  • Student who have English as a secondary Language
  • Those having Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Personality Development Delay
  • Have the problem of Hearing Impairment
  • Have the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD