What is the Difference between Rural and Urban Community in Sociology

Tue, 09/02/2014 - 00:59 -- Umar Farooq

Following discussion shows the difference between rural and urban communities, which shows how rural and urban areas are not the same.

Density of Population: The population in rural areas is spares. The people live in their own farms called "Farmstead Settlement. Even the villages and hamlets (basti or chak) have small population. The urban areas are thickly populated. In a city of few square miles millions of people live. The houses are joined together.

Social mobility: Among the rural people, the social changes are seldom found. Mostly the people are satisfied with their social conditions. Very rarely they change their place of residence and profession. The change in their classes occur infrequently due to little changes in income. It means the rate of social mobility is insignificant among them. The urban life is ever changing due to expansion of education, technology and industry. The people change their professions; residences and classes for adjustment with the new social conditions. This type of adjustment in society is called social mobility. The rate of this mobility is higher in this area.

Environment: In rural areas, the environment is almost natural. The people live in nature, work in nature and die in nature. The animals, trees, plants, crops, water channels, sunrise, sunset, moonlit night, starry night, clouds and rain are the companions of their life. In urban areas, the social life is based on industrial relations. The needs are satisfied by the production of industrial goods. Even the social relations have industrial means of communication.

Division of labor: In a rural community the dominant profession is agriculture. The number of professions is limited in this community due to similarity in social conditions. The urban community has a large number of professional activities due to diverse, social conditions.

Nature of relation: The relations in rural areas are informal and based of sincerity and mutual help. In urban areas the relations are formal and reciprocal.

Social stratification: In rural lifestyle, the significant elements of social stratification area, caste, profession, and the economic resources. While in urban areas, the economic resource's and education standard are its important elements,

Size of population: The rural population lives in smaller groups separately and in villages. The population in urban areas is clustered in millions. It means the size of population is larger in cities than in villages.

Social differentiation: The social life in rural areas is simple and based on similar social conditions. In urban areas, the people of diverse nature live together. The people of different races, sects, castes, professions, classes and political parties live together.

Social Interaction: In rural areas, the social interaction is informal, slow and under necessary conditions. In urban lifestyle, it is formal, reciprocal and fast.

Solidarity. On the basis of similarity in social life, solidarity exists in rural areas. People live an organized social life. In urban areas, due to different social conditions the life is seldom organized due to which loose social solidarity is found. Seldom are the people satisfied with their present conditions. They make changes rapidly by which the bonds of old systems break and solidarity weakens in urban communities.