Sociological Theory Meaning and Definition

Mon, 02/10/2014 - 22:51 -- Umar Farooq

Meaning of Sociological Theory

Theory means different things to different people. It is an intelligent statement about anything. It is a conceptual scheme designed to explain relationship between two or more variables.

Definitions of Sociological Theory

Different theorists and social thinkers defined theory as under.

  1. Abraham Kaplan “Theory is a way to think about a disturbing situation which allow us to change or modify our habits or replacing by new ones as the social situation demands”.
  2. Merton “Sociological theory refers to those statements which are logically interconnected and from which empirical uniformities can be drawn”.
  3. Humans “Theory is a set of concepts is which descriptive concepts states that what is the theory about and operative concepts shows the properties of theory nature. It means that theory is a set of propositions (statements) which form a deductive system”.
  4. Thomas Ward he has a comprehensive definition, that, “A theory is a logical deductive and inductive system of concepts and statements which gives a relationship between two or more variables and from which testable hypothesis can be drawn”.

It is concluded from the above definitions that, “theory is a set of proposition, interconnected and form a system of deduction and induction also show the way to further observation and experiment”.

Important Sociological Theories

Following are some of the important sociological theories

  1. Structural-Functionalism
  2. Conflict Theory
  3. Symbolic Interactionism
  4. Role Theory
  5. Feminist Theory
  6. Integration Theory