What is Poverty?
Poverty means lacking of basic needs like clothing, shelter, food, health facilities. Poverty refers to limited resources and low standard of living which cannot fulfill the basic human needs. Currently in India, Pakistan and other countries around the globe, poverty is a major social problem. Poverty can cause and leads the people to corruption, bribe, diseases, lack of education, domestic abuse, parental issues, unemployment, drug abuse etc.
What is Poverty Line?
“It is the minimum level of income required to fulfill the basic needs of human beings”.
Poverty as a Social Problem
Pakistan, Indian and bangladesh are mostly agricultural by traditions and the social life of the people is simple related to their culture and resources. The resources at our disposal and discovered up till now have not been mobilized up to the advance stage. As it found in advanced countries, who utilized the sources of oil and gas and water for the welfare of the human beings.
The problems with Asian people are that some of the resources, which are very costly have not been discovered from earth. Gold, silver, copper, iron, metals have not been fully discovered and utilized. Gas and oil reserves have not been fully discovered by the experts. There are three sources of man while living as a member of society. Time, money and labor are great sources at our disposal. Time is the time of life and age which is not fully utilized because our culture is not industrial and mostly we are not trained in technology of using resources available. We are getting our young men trained in technical fields and have succeeded to great extent.
Our medical and engineering skills have been saturated in Pakistani and indian society due to lack of economic wealth and they are in search of jobs in foreign countries. This has given an idea 'that our society is not able to absorb technical skill due to lack of technological resources with us. Our culture is traditional and requires manual labor more than technical labor. Weightlifter, road builders and menders of broken things are the required persons. These all things have led to decide that Pakistani society and the people are poor and are not able to cover their foreign exchange, foreign expenditure and needs of the nation within the country.
The main cause of this social problem is that human resources are mostly with talent without technical training. What we want a mechanic of a tractor, car, bus and the motor cycle. This is the most important requirement of technical work. Because our society needs these services.
The next of the resources is money and wealth this is drawn from the economic resources of land, industry, labor, technical work, business, trade, services and professional works. These all require talent and training in the worker with material equipment in offices and buildings. They are provided with technical skills with the objectives of wealth got from agricultural produce, industrial production, profits and gains from business and trade, work in economic institutions with the expansion of economic productions. The production in economy leads to expansion of wealth and resources.
This production in economy depends upon the third factor as labor. It is the main theme of all activities in life. Man is useless without work. Labor is of three types. Non–skilled labor is that one in which the workers are laborers in the farms, on road, lifters of weight in shopping centers and buildings construction. These are the most cheap servants available easily in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh etc. They are huge in number because they are non – technical members and mostly illiterate. This is the poorest class with least resources with their family.
The skilled are those laborers, who are workers in highly technical and industrial plants. They build buildings of high standards. They are the engineers, medical practitioners, legal advisors, mechanic, judges, police officers, the muftis of Shariat Laws. These are skilled workers of the nation and work in different fields of life, in which the needs of satisfaction for the nationals are fulfilled.
Cause of Poverty
- Lack Education
- High Birth Rate
- Unequal distribution of factors of production
- Traditional Agricultural System
- Corruption in society
- Political and economic Instability
Solutions to Poverty
- Government must adopted FREE EDUCATION FOR ALL policy
- Control birth rate
- Microfinance schemes should be initiated for starting small business
- Transparency in government spending
- Corruption a root cause should be eradicated
- Bring rich people in tax bracket
- Reforms in Agricultural system