Modern Society Meaning, Definition & Characteristics of Modern Society

Sun, 08/31/2014 - 23:36 -- Umar Farooq

Definition & Meaning of Modern Society

When society is industrialized it is considered to be modern society or it can be defined as people living together in current time.

It is based on expansion of education, technology, industry and urban life. It has a complex culture changing with the time. Its base is materializing. Due to diverse social conditions heterogeneous life is found. Social problems of various nature develop among various groups.

Modern society is often called materialistic, where people no longer produce product for living. Instead they produce goods to sell in the market. People don’t rely their own. For example they go to market for groceries instead of owning gardens and animals. These societies stress on quality of education for all.

Characteristics of Modern Society

characteristics of a modern society include

Advance industry and technology: It is also called post industrial society having, highly complex, and advance industrial and technological systems. This is full of automation with minimum role of human being in its operation.

Urbanization: This is a model of urbanization. A cluster of societies, towns and residential areas are established fulfilling the residential needs of the people

High population pressure: Population size is very high having millions of people in cities.

Sub social institutions: Basic social institutions along with their sub-institutions or working organizations are found in it, this is due to heterogeneity in the needs of the people and volume of population.

Job opportunities: These societies are hub of industrial and economic organizations. Offices of these companies are located in these societies due to which, better job opportunities are available for educated, semi educated and technically skillful persons.

Better income opportunities: Due to economic activity, industries, commercial and better income opportunities are available for the people of materialistic society.

Social stratification: People are divided in to different social strata based on their socio-economic background. A highly complex division of labor along with specialization is found.

Urban facilities: Modern urban facilities like fax, telephone, internet, cable, mobile phone, gas, electricity, water treatment plant, sewerage system, air ports, railways, road networks, big commercial areas, hospital, school, colleges, universities etc. are available in it.

Sources of communication: Modern sources of communication like telephone, internet, mobile phone, fax, cable are applied while communicating each others.

Social mobility: Due better education, industrialization, economic and job opportunities, a high degree of social mobility is found among people of this type of society. People frequently change their profession, jobs and place of residences.

International relation: These societies develop better relation with their neighboring countries which provide economic and military benefits to them.

Crime rate: Due to anonymity and population pressure, a high degree of crime rate is found. Murder, theft, dacoits, robbery, rape etc. happen many times in a day.

Women status: Status of women in modern society is high. Women are highly educated and work parallel to men in different walks of life. They are given due importance and. share in decision making and resource sharing.